Book 10 Test 1 Section 1 Reading Vocabulary
Connected with the study of cultures of the past and of periods of history by examining the remains of buildings and objects found in the ground
· There were fourteen persons, busy in their archaeological activities
Happening or existing a long time
· The family story was that, in bygone days, he had been a rich farmer in Australia.
· The horse and cart belongs to a bygone era.
A row of stone columns with equal spaces between them, usually supporting a roof
· the oldest Greek temple whose colonnade still stands
A large hole in the top of a volcano
A large hole in the ground caused by the explosion of a bomb or by something large hitting it
· A meteorite crater
To come or go down from a higher to a lower level
· The plane began to descend.
· The results, ranked in descending order (= from the highest to the lowest) are as follows…descend something
· She descended the stairs slowly.opposite ascend
To slope downwards
· At this point the path descends steeply.opposite ascend
A flow of cool air in a room or other confined space
There's a draught in here.
A cold draught of air blew in from the open window.
One continuous action of swallowing liquid; the amount swallowed
He took a deep draught of his beer.
Medicine in a liquid form
a sleeping draught
Embellish (verb) Synonym: Decorate
Embellish something to make something more beautiful by adding decorations to
· The huge carved door was embellished with brass door knockers.
Embellish something to make a story more interesting by adding details that are not always truesynonym embroiderHis account of his travels was embellished with details of famous people he met.
A long distance away
Expeditions to the far-flung corners of the world
Spread over a wide area
A newsletter that helps to keep all our far-flung graduates in touch
Flock noun Synonym: Herd
Flock (of something) a group of sheep, goats or birds of the same type
Flock (of somebody) a large group of people, especially of the same type
A flock of children/reporters
They came in flocks to see the procession.
Fundamental adjective Synonym: Basic
Serious and very important; affecting the most central and important parts of something
· There is a fundamental difference between the two points of view.
The time when somebody/something had most power or success, or was most popular
· In its heyday, the company ran trains every fifteen minutes.
· a fine example from the heyday of Italian cinemaa picture of Brigitte Bardot in her heyday
Ingenuity (noun) Synonym: Inventiveness
The ability to invent things or solve problems in clever new ways
· The problem tested the ingenuity of even the most imaginative students.
Having a lot of different parts and small details that fit together
· Intricate patternsan intricate network of loyalties and relationships
A period of 1000 years, especially as calculated before or after the birth of Christ
· the second millennium ADFor millennia, it was accepted that the earth was at the centre of the universe.
Monument (to somebody/something) a building, column, statue, etc. built to remind people of a famous person or event
· A monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral.
Covered with a lot of decoration, especially when this involves very small or complicated designs
· a mirror in an ornate gold frameThis style is a little too ornate for my taste.
Overlook (verb) Synonym: Turn a Blind Eye: Miss
Overlook something to fail to see or notice something
· He seems to have overlooked one important fact.In my hurry to finish the exam I had overlooked part of one of the questions.
Overlook something to see something wrong or bad but decide to ignore its
ynonym turn a blind eyeWe could not afford to overlook such a serious offence.He’s so friendly people are prepared to overlook his faults.
Overlook something if a building, etc. overlooks a place, you can see that place from the building
a restaurant overlooking the lakeOur back yard is overlooked by several houses.
Overlook somebody (for something) to not consider somebody for a job or position, even though they might be suitablesynonym pass overShe's been overlooked for promotion several times.
Pave something (with something) to cover a surface with flat stones or bricks
· A paved area near the back door
Pristine (adjective ) Synonym: Immaculate
Fresh and clean, as if new
· The car is in pristine condition.
· a pristine white tablecloth
Not developed or changed in any way; left in its original condition
· Pristine, pollution-free beaches
To move gradually away from somebody or away from a previous position
· The sound of the truck receded into the distance.
· She watched his receding figure.
(Especially of a problem, feeling or quality) to become gradually weaker or smaller
· The prospect of bankruptcy has now receded.
· The pain was receding slightly.
To stop growing at the front of the head
· a middle-aged man with receding hair/a receding hairline
· A recede chin a chin that slopes backwards towards the neck
Relentless (adjective) Synonym: Unrelenting
Not stopping or getting less strong
· Her relentless pursuit of perfection
· The sun was relentless.
Refusing to give up or be less strict or severea
· Relentless enemy
Spectacular (adjective) Synonym: Breathtaking
Very impressive - Spectacular scenery
· Messi scored a spectacular goal.
· It was a spectacular achievement on their part.
Old Constructed Well
· Stepwells are the main attraction of India for loads of tourists
· Stepwells are only found in India
Strike somebody/something (formal) to hit somebody/something hard or with force
· The ship struck a rock.
· The child ran into the road and was struck by a car.
Undergone ( verb)
Undergo something to experience something, especially a change or something unpleasant
To undergo tests/trials/repairs
· My mother underwent major surgery last year.
· Some children undergo a complete transformation when they become teenagers.
· The drug is currently undergoing trials in America.
Designed to be useful and practical rather than attractive
· Her clothes were utilitarian, unlike the elaborate dresses the other girls were wearing.
· The old hospital was demolished in 1911 and replaced with a much more utilitarian building.
Reference: Oxford Advanced Learner Dictionary