Book 10 Test 1 Section 1 Reading Vocabulary

Archaeological (adjective)

Connected with the study of cultures of the past and of periods of history by examining the remains of buildings and objects found in the ground

· There were fourteen persons, busy in their archaeological activities

Bygone (Adjective)

Happening or existing a long time

· The family story was that, in bygone days, he had been a rich farmer in Australia.

· The horse and cart belongs to a bygone era.

Colonnade noun

A row of stone columns with equal spaces between them, usually supporting a roof

· the oldest Greek temple whose colonnade still stands

Crater noun

A large hole in the top of a volcano

A large hole in the ground caused by the explosion of a bomb or by something large hitting it

· A meteorite crater

Descend (Verb)

To come or go down from a higher to a lower level

· The plane began to descend.

· The results, ranked in descending order (= from the highest to the lowest) are as follows…descend something

· She descended the stairs slowly.opposite ascend

To slope downwards

· At this point the path descends steeply.opposite ascend

Draught noun

A flow of cool air in a room or other confined space

There's a draught in here.

A cold draught of air blew in from the open window.

One continuous action of swallowing liquid; the amount swallowed

He took a deep draught of his beer.

Medicine in a liquid form

a sleeping draught

Embellish (verb) Synonym: Decorate

Embellish something to make something more beautiful by adding decorations to

· The huge carved door was embellished with brass door knockers.

Embellish something to make a story more interesting by adding details that are not always truesynonym embroiderHis account of his travels was embellished with details of famous people he met.

Far-flung adjective

A long distance away

Expeditions to the far-flung corners of the world

Spread over a wide area

A newsletter that helps to keep all our far-flung graduates in touch

Flock noun Synonym: Herd

Flock (of something) a group of sheep, goats or birds of the same type

Flock (of somebody) a large group of people, especially of the same type

A flock of children/reporters

They came in flocks to see the procession.

Fundamental adjective Synonym: Basic

Serious and very important; affecting the most central and important parts of something

· There is a fundamental difference between the two points of view.

Heyday noun

The time when somebody/something had most power or success, or was most popular

· In its heyday, the company ran trains every fifteen minutes.

· a fine example from the heyday of Italian cinemaa picture of Brigitte Bardot in her heyday

Ingenuity (noun) Synonym: Inventiveness

The ability to invent things or solve problems in clever new ways

· The problem tested the ingenuity of even the most imaginative students.

Intricate (adjective)

Having a lot of different parts and small details that fit together

· Intricate patternsan intricate network of loyalties and relationships

Millennium noun

A period of 1000 years, especially as calculated before or after the birth of Christ

· the second millennium ADFor millennia, it was accepted that the earth was at the centre of the universe.

Monument noun

Monument (to somebody/something) a building, column, statue, etc. built to remind people of a famous person or event

· A monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral.