Book 10 Test 1 Section 1 Reading Vocabulary
Connected with the study of cultures of the past and of periods of history by examining the remains of buildings and objects found in the ground
· There were fourteen persons, busy in their archaeological activities
Happening or existing a long time
· The family story was that, in bygone days, he had been a rich farmer in Australia.
· The horse and cart belongs to a bygone era.
A row of stone columns with equal spaces between them, usually supporting a roof
· the oldest Greek temple whose colonnade still stands
A large hole in the top of a volcano
A large hole in the ground caused by the explosion of a bomb or by something large hitting it
· A meteorite crater
To come or go down from a higher to a lower level
· The plane began to descend.
· The results, ranked in descending order (= from the highest to the lowest) are as follows…descend something
· She descended the stairs slowly.opposite ascend
To slope downwards
· At this point the path descends steeply.opposite ascend
A flow of cool air in a room or other confined space
There's a draught in here.
A cold draught of air blew in from the open window.
One continuous action of swallowing liquid; the amount swallowed
He took a deep draught of his beer.
Medicine in a liquid form
a sleeping draught
Embellish (verb) Synonym: Decorate
Embellish something to make something more beautiful by adding decorations to
· The huge carved door was embellished with brass door knockers.
Embellish something to make a story more interesting by adding details that are not always truesynonym embroiderHis account of his travels was embellished with details of famous people he met.
A long distance away
Expeditions to the far-flung corners of the world
Spread over a wide area
A newsletter that helps to keep all our far-flung graduates in touch
Flock noun Synonym: Herd
Flock (of something) a group of sheep, goats or birds of the same type
Flock (of somebody) a large group of people, especially of the same type
A flock of children/reporters
They came in flocks to see the procession.
Fundamental adjective Synonym: Basic
Serious and very important; affecting the most central and important parts of something
· There is a fundamental difference between the two points of view.
The time when somebody/something had most power or success, or was most popular
· In its heyday, the company ran trains every fifteen minutes.
· a fine example from the heyday of Italian cinemaa picture of Brigitte Bardot in her heyday
Ingenuity (noun) Synonym: Inventiveness
The ability to invent things or solve problems in clever new ways
· The problem tested the ingenuity of even the most imaginative students.
Having a lot of different parts and small details that fit together
· Intricate patternsan intricate network of loyalties and relationships
A period of 1000 years, especially as calculated before or after the birth of Christ
· the second millennium ADFor millennia, it was accepted that the earth was at the centre of the universe.
Monument (to somebody/something) a building, column, statue, etc. built to remind people of a famous person or event
· A monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral.