IELTS Book 7 Test 2 Section 1
7 T2 S1
Anticipated verb Synonym: Forestall
To expect something
· We don't anticipate any major problems.
· Our anticipated arrival time is 8.30.
· The eagerly anticipated movie will be released next month.
Anticipate doing something
· They anticipate moving to bigger premises by the end of the year.
Anticipate something doing something
· I don't anticipate it being a problem.
· We anticipate that sales will rise next year.
It is anticipated that…
· It is anticipated that inflation will stabilize at 3%.
To see what might happen in the future and take action to prepare for it
· We need someone who can anticipate and respond to changes in the fashion industry.
Anticipate what, how, that, etc…
· Try and anticipate what the interviewers will ask.
Anticipate (doing) something | anticipate (something doing) something to think with pleasure and excitement about something that is going to happen
· We eagerly anticipated the day we would leave school.
· The more I anticipated arriving somewhere, the more disappointed I was.
Anticipate somebody (doing something) (formal) to do something before it can be done by somebody else
· When Scott reached the South Pole he found that Amundsen had anticipated him.
Counterparts noun Synonym: Match, Correspondent
A person or thing that has the same position or function as somebody/something else in a different place or situation
· The Foreign Minister held talks with his Chinese counterpart.
· The women's shoe, like its male counterpart, is specifically designed for the serious tennis player.
Craftsmen noun Synonym: Artist
A skilled person, especially one who makes beautiful things by hand
· Rugs handmade by local craftsmen
· It is clearly the work of a master craftsman.
Disastrous adjective Synonym: Catastrophic
Very bad, harmful or unsuccessful
· A disastrous harvest/fire/result
· Lowering interest rates could have disastrous consequences for the economy.
· It was a disastrous start to the season for the team.
Dispensed verb Synonym: Disburse
Dispense something (to somebody) (formal) to give out something to people
· The machine dispenses a range of drinks and snacks.
Dispense something (to somebody) (formal) to provide something, especially a service, for people
· The organization dispenses free health care to the poor.
· To dispense justice/advice
Dispense something to prepare medicine and give it to people, as a job
· To dispense a prescription
· (British English) to dispense medicine
· (British English) a dispensing chemist
Earthenware noun Synonym: Ceramics
An object or objects made of very hard baked clay
· The production of earthenware in Japan goes back many centuries.
Enormous adjective Synonym: Huge, Immense
· An enormous house/dogan
· Enormous amount of time
· Enormous interest
· The problems facing the President are enormous.
Erect adjective Synonym: Straight
(formal) in a vertical position
· Stand with your arms by your side and your head erect.
(of the penis or nipples) larger than usual, stiff and standing up because of sexual excitement
· While watching a nude scene in the movie, he got erection.
Flattened verb Synonym: Crush, Smash
[intransitive, transitive] to become or make something become flat or flatter
· The cookies will flatten slightly while cooking.
· These exercises will help to flatten your stomach.
· He flattened his hair down with gel.
· The bird is recognizable by its flattened beak.
· Roll the dough into balls and flatten slightly.
[transitive] flatten something to destroy or knock down a building, tree, etc.
· Most of the factory was flattened by the explosion.
· The hurricane flattened thousands of homes.
[transitive] flatten somebody (informal) to defeat somebody easily in a competition, an argument, etc.
· Our team was flattened this evening!
[transitive] flatten somebody (informal) to hit somebody very hard so that they fall down
· He flattened the intruder with a single punch.
· I'll flatten you if you do that again!
Flexes verb Synonym: Bend
[transitive, intransitive] flex (something) to bend, move or stretch an arm or a leg, or contract a muscle, especially in order to prepare for a physical activity
· To flex your fingers/feet/legs
· He stood on the side of the pool flexing his muscles.
Flimsiest adjective Synonym: Rickety, Feeble
Badly made and not strong enough for the purpose for which it is used
· A flimsy table
(of material) thin and easily torn
· A flimsy piece of paper/fabric/plastic
Difficult to believe
· A flimsy excuse/explanation
· The evidence against him is pretty flimsy.
· He keeps calling on the flimsiest of pretexts.
Grasp verb Synonym: Grip
Grasp somebody/something to take a firm hold of somebody/something
· He grasped my hand and shook it warmly.
· Kay grasped him by the wrist.
To understand something completely
· They failed to grasp the importance of his words.
Grasp how, why, etc…
· She was unable to grasp how to do it.
· It took him some time to grasp that he was now a public figure.
Grasp a chance/an opportunity to take an opportunity without hesitating and use it
· I grasped the opportunity to work abroad.
Gushing adjective Synonym: Effusive
Expressing so much enthusiasm, praise or emotion that it does not seem sincere
· She gave an embarrassingly gushing acceptance speech.
Majestic adjective Synonym: Splendid
Impressive because of size or beauty
· A majestic castle/river/view
· The Rockies are majestic in size.
· The college is close to Edinburgh’s majestic castle.
Mystify verb Synonym: Baffle
Mystify somebody to make somebody confused because they do not understand something
· They were totally mystified by the girl's disappearance.
Pagodas noun Synonym: Temple
A temple (= religious building) in S or E Asia in the form of a tall tower with several levels, each of which has its own roof that extends beyond the walls
· Pagodas are used to pray in Budhism.
Resilience noun Synonym: Flexible
The ability of people or things to feel better quickly after something unpleasant, such as shock, injury, etc.
· He showed great courage and resilience in fighting back from a losing position to win the game.
The ability of a substance to return to its original shape after it has been bent, stretched or pressed
· The natural beauty and resilience of wool
Seemingly adverb Synonym: Apparently
In a way that appears to be true but may in fact not be
· A seemingly stupid questiona seemingly endless journey
· It was a seemingly impossible task.
(formal) according to what you have read or heard
· Seemingly, he borrowed the money from the bank.
· They were seemingly having an affair.
Slender adjective Synonym: Slim
(approving) (of people or their bodies) thin in an attractive or elegant way
· Her slender figurelong, slender fingersa slender young woman
Thin or narrow
· A glass with a slender stem
Small in amount or size and hardly enough
· To win by a slender margin/majority
· People of slender means (= with little money)
· Australia held a slender 1–0 lead at half-time.
· These claims are based on slender evidence.
Slither verb Synonym: Glide, Slide
[intransitive] + adv./prep. to move somewhere in a smooth, controlled way, often close to the ground
The snake slithered away as we approached.
+ adv./prep. to move somewhere without much control, for example because the ground is steep or wet
· We slithered down the slope to the road.
· They were slithering around on the ice.
Staircases noun Synonym: Banister
A set of stairs inside a building including the posts and railsthat are fixed at the side
· A marble/stone/wooden staircase
Sway verb Synonym: Influence
[intransitive, transitive] to move slowly from side to side; to move something in this way(+ adv./prep.)
· The branches were swaying in the wind.
· Vicky swayed and fell.
Sway something (+ adv./prep.)
· They danced rhythmically, swaying their hips to the music.
[transitive, often passive] sway somebody to persuade somebody to believe something or do something
· He's easily swayed.
· She wasn't swayed by his good looks or his clever talk.
Swept verb Synonym: Clean
Past tense sweep
With brush or hand
[transitive, intransitive] to clean a room, surface, etc. using a broom (= a type of brush on a long handle)
· To sweep the floorChimneys should be swept regularly.
Sweep something + adj.
· The showroom had been emptied and swept clean.
[transitive] sweep something + adv./prep. To remove something from a surface using a brush, your hand, etc.
· She swept the crumbs into the wastebasket.
· He swept the leaves up into a pile.
· She swept the clothes onto the floor and invited him to sit down.
Move quickly/with force
[transitive] sweep somebody/something + adv./prep. To move or push somebody/something suddenly and with a lot of force
· The little boat was swept out to sea.
· Their tent was swept away in the storm.
· She let herself be swept along by the crowd.
[intransitive, transitive] (of weather, fire, etc.) to move suddenly and/or with force over an area or in a particular direction+ adv./prep.
· Rain swept in through the broken windows.
· A fire swept through the store on Tuesday night.
· Strong winds regularly sweep the islands.
Of a person
[intransitive] + adv./prep. to move quickly and/or smoothly, especially in a way that impresses or is intended to impress other people
· Without another word she swept out of the room.
· (figurative) He swept into the lead with an almost perfect performance.
[transitive] sweep something + adv./prep. to move something, especially your hand or arm, quickly and smoothly in a particular direction
· He rushed to greet her, sweeping his arms wide.
[intransitive] + adv./prep. to suddenly affect somebody stronglyA wave of tiredness swept over her.
· Memories came sweeping back.
[intransitive, transitive] to spread quickly+ adv./prep.
· Rumours of his resignation swept through the company.
· The latest craze sweeping America
Look/move over area
[intransitive, transitive] to move over an area, especially in order to look for something+ adv./prep.
· His eyes swept around the room.
· The car headlights swept across the front of the building.
· Searchlights swept the sky.
· She swept the crowd with her binoculars.
[transitive] sweep something to move, or move something, over a surface, touching it lightly
· Her dress swept the ground as she walked.
[transitive] sweep something + adv./prep. to brush, comb, etc. your hair in a particular direction
· Her hair was swept back from her face.
[intransitive] + adv./prep. to form a long smooth curve
· The hotel gardens sweep down to the beach.
[transitive] sweep something (North American English) to win all the games in a series of games against another team or all the parts of a contest
· The Blue Jays have a chance to sweep the series.
· New Jersey swept Detroit last season.
Tapers verb Synonym: Decrease
[intransitive, transitive] to become gradually narrower; to make something become gradually narrower
· The tail tapered to a rounded tip.
· She had long tapering fingers.
· The leaves are long, tapering to a point at each end.
· The pots are wide at the base and tapered at the top.
Tightrope noun Synonym: Rope
A rope or wire that is stretched tightly high above the ground and that performers walk along, especially in a circus
· A tightrope walker
Toppled verb Synonym: Overthrough, Collapse
[intransitive, transitive] to become unsteady and fall down; to make something do this+ adv./prep.
· The pile of books toppled over.
· He toppled backwards into the river.
Topple somebody/something + adv./prep.
· He brushed past, toppling her from her stool.
[transitive] topple somebody/something to make somebody lose their position of power or authority
· A plot to topple the President
Transmitting verb Synonym: Brodcasting
[transitive, intransitive] transmit (something) (from…) (to…) to send an electronic signal, radio or television broadcast, etc.
· Signals transmitted from a satellite
· The ceremony was transmitted live by satellite to over fifty countries.
· A short-wave radio that can transmit as well as receive
[transitive] (formal) to pass something from one person to another
· Sexually transmitted diseases
Transmit something to somebody
· Parents can unwittingly transmit their own fears to their children.
[transitive] transmit something (specialist) to allow heat, light, sound, etc. to pass through
· Silver is a good conductor of heat, it can transmit the heat and energy.
Typhoons noun Synonym: Hurricane
A violent tropical storm with very strong winds
· There are a lot of typhoons in the Sahara.
Unscathed adjective Synonym: Unharmed
· The hostages emerged from their ordeal unscathed.
Wedges noun Synonym: Labour
A piece of wood, rubber, metal, etc. with one thick end and one thin pointed end that you use to keep a door open, to keep two things apart, or to split wood or rock
· He hammered the wedge into the crack in the stone.
· (figurative) I don't want to drive a wedge between the two of you (= to make you start disliking each other).
Something that is shaped like a wedge or that is used like a wedge
· A wedge of cakeshoes with wedge heels
A shoe with a wedge heel (= one that forms a solid block with the bottom part of the shoe)
· A pair of wedges
A golf club that has its face (= the part that you hit the ball with) at an angle
· I have bought a new wedge and today I will play golf with this wedge.