IELTS Writing Task 2 : Sample 16

Text Box

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

As a country’s population grows, more new houses are needed. Is it better to build these houses in existing cities or to create new towns in the countryside?

Discuss Both factors.

Write at least 250 words

Response by Muhammad Ayaz Aslam


In the running days, the population of countries is swelling many folds, which has furthered the demand for the construction of new residential areas. Some of us believe that it is easier to extend existing cities while many others assert that upgrading the status of the rural areas would be the most appropriate way to address this issue. Let us discuss this topic in detail before coming to one conclusion.

Urban sprawl is common these days, and every year loads of new societies are becoming a part of major cities. This unplanned spread apparently seems beneficial for the residents because the advantages of living in existing developed cities are obviously more in number than in a countryside. The second largest city of Pakistan, Lahore, these days, is stuffed with people, and still, every second person of the province dreams to construct his sweet home in this city. Authorities are struggling hard to manage and to upgrade the existing infrastructure and they are still facing new challenges every coming day.

In contrast, turning rural areas into cities has a long lasting impact on the town-planning, which can be considered as the only solution to the rapid growth of the population. Once the infrastructure, including hospitals, universities and supermarkets, has been constructed in an undeveloped land, it will be a natural phenomenon that, sooner or later, the human population will spread there. For instance, the formation of Islamabad, a planned capital of the country, is the best example of a new city where life is more comfortable and well disciplined than any other city in the country.

In conclusion, it is a well-established fact that the approach of developing new cities is proved more logical than the untidy expansion of existing cities in order to provide residence for the increasing population.

(299 words)

Response by Haseeb Asif


In running days, the population is increasing with haste and more houses are needed to cope with the increasing population. Many believe it’s better to build their houses in existing cities because of the facilities they could have while, on the other hand, others think that creating new towns would be a great idea in the countryside to handle the residential issues.

Firstly, building houses in current cities is not really a bad decision, but being aware of the troubles people could suffer from should be considered as the first issue to think about. Constructing houses in existing cities would lead to a congested environment. It would affect many other factors too, such as traffic jams, pollution, agricultural factors, and, last but not least, the number of homeless people that would eventually and unfortunately increase. Certainly, the employment crisis would gradually rise and thousands of people would suffer hunger and pain, as the economy of that country would decline with pace. The city won’t tolerate such a great damage. After that, they would have to sprawl their land and, in doing so, they would have to cut down the forests; the greenery would drop instantly, which would result in air pollution, suffocation, and many disease factors. Honestly speaking, analyzing and observing that these destructions could happen, shows that it’s not a good idea to live a congested life or building your luxurious houses in existing cities, but I think constructing new towns could be useful in a way to control a large damage rate.

Building new houses is not a better option at all, but constructing new towns might help a bit. It could be a helpful start, if we could take care of precautionary measures like adjusting with nature or, in other words, not giving harm to greenery, living like families could be a great initiative to a healthy living, and controlling population growth rate.An increase in population can’t be controlled, but one’s life style could change many things.

In conclusion, we have to curtail a few things for the betterment of our future generations. In our lives, we have to take hard decision for the improvement of a few factors. Building houses in current cities or constructing new towns is not something bad, but the point is to make sure the happenings in our environment are going fine.

(382 Words)

Verified and checked