IELTS Book 7 Test 1 Section 3
7 T1 S3
Accredited adjective Synonym: Certified
(of a person) officially recognized as something; with official permission to be something
· Our accredited representative
· Only accredited journalists were allowed entry.
Officially approved as being of an accepted quality or standard
· A fully accredited school/university/course
Attribute verb Synonym: Chracteristic
To say or believe that somebody is responsible for doing something, especially for saying, writing or painting something
· The committee refused to attribute blame without further information.
Attribute something to something to say or believe that something is the result of a particular thing
· She attributes her success to hard work and a little luck.
Attribute something to somebody
· This play is usually attributed to Shakespeare.
Autocratic adjective Synonym: Despotic
Having complete power; involving rule by somebody who has complete power
· An autocratic leaderautocratic regimes
Expecting to be obeyed by other people and not caring about their opinions or feelings
· An autocratic manager
Baroque noun Synonym: Decorative
The grand and highly decorated style used in European architecture, art and music in the 17th and early 18th centuries
· Paintings representative of the baroque
Beforehand adverb Synonym: Premature
Earlier; before something else happens or is done
· Two weeks/three days/a few hours beforehand
· I wish we'd known about it beforehand.
· He warned me beforehand what to expect.
Categorical adjective Synonym: Explicit
Expressed clearly and in a way that shows that you are very sure about what you are saying
· To make a categorical statementto give a categorical assurance
· They gave him a categorical assurance that he would not be hurt.
Concentrating verb Synonym: Focus, Intencify
[intransitive, transitive] to give all your attention to something and not think about anything else
Concentrate (on something/on doing something)
· I can't concentrate with all that noise going on.
· Nothing concentrates the mind better than the knowledge that you could die tomorrow (= it makes you think very clearly).
Concentrate something (on something/on doing something)
· I decided to concentrate all my efforts on finding somewhere to live.
[transitive] concentrate something + adv./prep. To bring something together in one place
· Power is largely concentrated in the hands of a small elite.
· We need to concentrate resources on the most run-down areas.
· Fighting was concentrated around the towns to the north.
[transitive] concentrate something (specialist) to increase the strength of a substance by reducing its volume, for example by boiling it
Consciousness noun Synonym: Awareness
The state of being able to use your senses and mental powers to understand what is happening
· I can't remember any more—I must have lost consciousness.
· She did not regain consciousness and died the next day.
The state of being aware of something
· His consciousness of the challenge facing him
· Class-consciousness (= consciousness of different classes in society)
The ideas and opinions of a person or group
· Her newly developed political consciousness
· Issues affecting the popular consciousness of the time
Counterproductive Adjective Synonym: Detrimental
Having the opposite effect to the one which was intended
· Increases in taxation would be counterproductive.
· Introducing sanctions at this point could be politically counterproductive.
· It would be counterproductive to act hastily at this stage.
· Counterproductive behaviour/policies/effects
Dispensed verb Synonym: Distribute
Dispense something (to somebody) (formal) to give out something to people
· The machine dispenses a range of drinks and snacks.
Dispense something (to somebody) (formal) to provide something, especially a service, for people
· The organization dispenses free health care to the poor.
· To dispense justice/advice