IELTS Book 7 Test 1 Section 3

7 T1 S3

Accredited adjective Synonym: Certified

(of a person) officially recognized as something; with official permission to be something

· Our accredited representative

· Only accredited journalists were allowed entry.

Officially approved as being of an accepted quality or standard

· A fully accredited school/university/course

Attribute verb Synonym: Chracteristic

To say or believe that somebody is responsible for doing something, especially for saying, writing or painting something

Attribute something

· The committee refused to attribute blame without further information.

Attribute something to something to say or believe that something is the result of a particular thing

· She attributes her success to hard work and a little luck.

Attribute something to somebody

· This play is usually attributed to Shakespeare.

Autocratic adjective Synonym: Despotic

Having complete power; involving rule by somebody who has complete power

· An autocratic leaderautocratic regimes

Expecting to be obeyed by other people and not caring about their opinions or feelings

· An autocratic manager

Baroque noun Synonym: Decorative

The grand and highly decorated style used in European architecture, art and music in the 17th and early 18th centuries

· Paintings representative of the baroque

Beforehand adverb Synonym: Premature

Earlier; before something else happens or is done

· Two weeks/three days/a few hours beforehand

· I wish we'd known about it beforehand.

· He warned me beforehand what to expect.

Categorical adjective Synonym: Explicit

Expressed clearly and in a way that shows that you are very sure about what you are saying

· To make a categorical statementto give a categorical assurance

· They gave him a categorical assurance that he would not be hurt.

Concentrating verb Synonym: Focus, Intencify

[intransitive, transitive] to give all your attention to something and not think about anything else

Concentrate (on something/on doing something)

· I can't concentrate with all that noise going on.

Concentrate something

· Nothing concentrates the mind better than the knowledge that you could die tomorrow (= it makes you think very clearly).

Concentrate something (on something/on doing something)

· I decided to concentrate all my efforts on finding somewhere to live.

[transitive] concentrate something + adv./prep. To bring something together in one place

· Power is largely concentrated in the hands of a small elite.

· We need to concentrate resources on the most run-down areas.

· Fighting was concentrated around the towns to the north.

[transitive] concentrate something (specialist) to increase the strength of a substance by reducing its volume, for example by boiling it

Consciousness noun Synonym: Awareness

The state of being able to use your senses and mental powers to understand what is happening

· I can't remember any more—I must have lost consciousness.

· She did not regain consciousness and died the next day.

The state of being aware of something

· His consciousness of the challenge facing him

· Class-consciousness (= consciousness of different classes in society)

The ideas and opinions of a person or group

· Her newly developed political consciousness

· Issues affecting the popular consciousness of the time

Counterproductive Adjective Synonym: Detrimental

Having the opposite effect to the one which was intended

· Increases in taxation would be counterproductive.

· Introducing sanctions at this point could be politically counterproductive.

· It would be counterproductive to act hastily at this stage.

· Counterproductive behaviour/policies/effects

Dispensed verb Synonym: Distribute

Dispense something (to somebody) (formal) to give out something to people

· The machine dispenses a range of drinks and snacks.

Dispense something (to somebody) (formal) to provide something, especially a service, for people

· The organization dispenses free health care to the poor.

· To dispense justice/advice

Disp