IELTS Book 8 GT A
Reciprocal( Adjective) Synonym: Alternate
Involving two people or groups who agree to help each other or behave in the same way to each other
· The two colleges have a reciprocal arrangement whereby students from one college can attend classes at the other.
· A reciprocal relationship between citizens and the state
· Anita had a reciprocal arrangement with her brother—each would take care of the other’s children if the need arose.
Belonging (Noun) Synonym: Luggage
The feeling of being comfortable and happy in a particular situation or with a particular group of people
· To feel a sense of belonging
Unusual (adjective) Synonym: Common
Different from what is usual or normal
· It's unusual for the trees to flower so early.
· She has a very unusual name.
· It's not unusual for young doctors to work a 70-hour week (= it happens often).
Different from other similar things and therefore interesting and attractive
· An unusual colour
Essential (Adjective) Synonym: Vital
Completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity
· An essential part/ingredient/component of something
· Essential services such as gas, water and electricity
· The museum is closed while essential repairs are being carried out.
· Even in small companies, computers are an essential tool.
· The charity will be taking food and essential supplies to six refugee camps.
· This book is essential reading for all nature lovers.
Essential to something
· Money is not essential to happiness.
Essential for something
· Experience is essential for this job.
It is essential to do something
· It is essential to keep the two groups separate.
It is essential that…
· It is essential that you have some experience.
Disclosure (Noun) Synonym: Revelation
[uncountable] the act of making something known or public that was previously secret or private
· The newspaper’s disclosure of defence secrets
· The bank will need full disclosure of your financial situation and assets.
· The court ruled to prevent public disclosure of the contents of the documents.
[countable] information or a fact that is made known or public that was previously secret or private
· Startling disclosures about his private life
Entitle (Verb) Synonym: Label
[often passive] to give somebody the right to have or to do something
Entitle somebody to something
· You will be entitled to your pension when you reach 65.
· Everyone's entitled to their own opinion.
Entitle somebody to do something
· This ticket does not entitle you to travel first class.
[usually passive] entitle something + noun to give a title to a book, play, etc.
· He read a poem entitled ‘Salt’.
Instance (Noun) Synonym: Situation
A particular example or case of something
· The report highlights a number of instances of injustice.
· In most instances, there will be no need for further treatment.
· I would normally suggest taking time off work, but in this instance I'm not sure that would do any good.
Lieu (Noun) Synonym: Place
IdiomsIn lieu (of something)Instead of
· They took cash in lieu of the prize they had won.
· We work on Saturdays and have a day off in lieu during the week.
Roam (Verb) Synonym: Wander
[intransitive, transitive] to walk or travel around an area without any definite aim or direction(+ adv./prep.)
· The sheep are allowed to roam freely on this land.
· To roam the countryside/the streets, etc.
[intransitive, transitive] (of the eyes or hands) to move slowly over every part of somebody/something
Roam (over something/somebody)
· His gaze roamed over her.
· Her eyes roamed the room.