IELTS Book 8 GT A

Reciprocal( Adjective) Synonym: Alternate

Involving two people or groups who agree to help each other or behave in the same way to each other

· The two colleges have a reciprocal arrangement whereby students from one college can attend classes at the other.

· A reciprocal relationship between citizens and the state

· Anita had a reciprocal arrangement with her brother—each would take care of the other’s children if the need arose.

Belonging (Noun) Synonym: Luggage

The feeling of being comfortable and happy in a particular situation or with a particular group of people

· To feel a sense of belonging

Unusual (adjective) Synonym: Common

Different from what is usual or normal

· It's unusual for the trees to flower so early.

· She has a very unusual name.

· It's not unusual for young doctors to work a 70-hour week (= it happens often).

Different from other similar things and therefore interesting and attractive

· An unusual colour

Essential (Adjective) Synonym: Vital

Completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity

· An essential part/ingredient/component of something

· Essential services such as gas, water and electricity

· The museum is closed while essential repairs are being carried out.

· Even in small companies, computers are an essential tool.

· The charity will be taking food and essential supplies to six refugee camps.

· This book is essential reading for all nature lovers.

Essential to something

· Money is not essential to happiness.

Essential for something

· Experience is essential for this job.

It is essential to do something

· It is essential to keep the two groups separate.

It is essential that…

· It is essential that you have some experience.

Disclosure (Noun) Synonym: Revelation

[uncountable] the act of making something known or public that was previously secret or private

· The newspaper’s disclosure of defence secrets

· The bank will need full disclosure of your financial situation and assets.

· The court ruled to prevent public disclosure of the contents of the documents.

[countable] information or a fact that is made known or public that was previously secret or private

· Startling disclosures about his private life

Entitle (Verb) Synonym: Label

[often passive] to give somebody the right to have or to do something

Entitle somebody to something

· You will be entitled to your pension when you reach 65.

· Everyone's entitled to their own opinion.

Entitle somebody to do something

· This ticket does not entitle you to travel first class.

[usually passive] entitle something + noun to give a title to a book, play, etc.

· He read a poem entitled ‘Salt’.

Instance (Noun) Synonym: Situation

A particular example or case of something

· The report highlights a number of instances of injustice.

· In most instances, there will be no need for further treatment.

· I would normally suggest taking time off work, but in this instance I'm not sure that would do any good.

Lieu (Noun) Synonym: Place

IdiomsIn lieu (of something)Instead of

· They took cash in lieu of the prize they had won.

· We work on Saturdays and have a day off in lieu during the week.

Roam (Verb) Synonym: Wander

[intransitive, transitive] to walk or travel around an area without any definite aim or direction(+ adv./prep.)

· The sheep are allowed to roam freely on this land.

Roam something

· To roam the countryside/the streets, etc.

[intransitive, transitive] (of the eyes or hands) to move slowly over every part of somebody/something

Roam (over something/somebody)

· His gaze roamed over her.

Roam something/somebody

· Her eyes roamed the room.