IELTS Book 8 GT A
Reciprocal( Adjective) Synonym: Alternate
Involving two people or groups who agree to help each other or behave in the same way to each other
· The two colleges have a reciprocal arrangement whereby students from one college can attend classes at the other.
· A reciprocal relationship between citizens and the state
· Anita had a reciprocal arrangement with her brother—each would take care of the other’s children if the need arose.
Belonging (Noun) Synonym: Luggage
The feeling of being comfortable and happy in a particular situation or with a particular group of people
· To feel a sense of belonging
Unusual (adjective) Synonym: Common
Different from what is usual or normal
· It's unusual for the trees to flower so early.
· She has a very unusual name.
· It's not unusual for young doctors to work a 70-hour week (= it happens often).
Different from other similar things and therefore interesting and attractive
· An unusual colour
Essential (Adjective) Synonym: Vital
Completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity
· An essential part/ingredient/component of something
· Essential services such as gas, water and electricity
· The museum is closed while essential repairs are being carried out.
· Even in small companies, computers are an essential tool.
· The charity will be taking food and essential supplies to six refugee camps.
· This book is essential reading for all nature lovers.
Essential to something
· Money is not essential to happiness.
Essential for something
· Experience is essential for this job.
It is essential to do something
· It is essential to keep the two groups separate.
It is essential that…
· It is essential that you have some experience.
Disclosure (Noun) Synonym: Revelation
[uncountable] the act of making something known or public that was previously secret or private
· The newspaper’s disclosure of defence secrets
· The bank will need full disclosure of your financial situation and assets.
· The court ruled to prevent public disclosure of the contents of the documents.
[countable] information or a fact that is made known or public that was previously secret or private
· Startling disclosures about his private life
Entitle (Verb) Synonym: Label
[often passive] to give somebody the right to have or to do something
Entitle somebody to something
· You will be entitled to your pension when you reach 65.
· Everyone's entitled to their own opinion.
Entitle somebody to do something
· This ticket does not entitle you to travel first class.
[usually passive] entitle something + noun to give a title to a book, play, etc.
· He read a poem entitled ‘Salt’.
Instance (Noun) Synonym: Situation
A particular example or case of something
· The report highlights a number of instances of injustice.
· In most instances, there will be no need for further treatment.
· I would normally suggest taking time off work, but in this instance I'm not sure that would do any good.
Lieu (Noun) Synonym: Place
IdiomsIn lieu (of something)Instead of
· They took cash in lieu of the prize they had won.
· We work on Saturdays and have a day off in lieu during the week.
Roam (Verb) Synonym: Wander
[intransitive, transitive] to walk or travel around an area without any definite aim or direction(+ adv./prep.)
· The sheep are allowed to roam freely on this land.
· To roam the countryside/the streets, etc.
[intransitive, transitive] (of the eyes or hands) to move slowly over every part of somebody/something
Roam (over something/somebody)
· His gaze roamed over her.
· Her eyes roamed the room.
Eliminate (verb) Synonym: Knock out
To remove or get rid of something/somebody
· Credit cards eliminate the need to carry a lot of cash.
Eliminate something/somebody from something
· The police have eliminated two suspects from their investigation.
· This diet claims to eliminate toxins from the body.
Eliminate somebody (from something) [usually passive] to defeat a person or a team so that they no longer take part in a competition, etc.
· All the English teams were eliminated in the early stages of the competition.
· She was eliminated from the tournament in the first round.
Eliminate somebody (formal) to kill somebody, especially an enemy or opponent
· Most of the regime's left-wing opponents were eliminated.
Fortune (Noun) Synonym: Luck
[uncountable] chance or luck, especially in the way it affects people’s lives
· I have had the good fortune to work with some brilliant directors.
· By a stroke of fortune he found work almost immediately.
· Fortune smiled on me (= I had good luck).
Ingredients (Noun) Synonym: Element
One of the things from which something is made, especially one of the foods that are used together to make a particular dish
· Coconut is a basic ingredient for many curries.
· Mix all the ingredients in a bowl.
· Our skin cream contains only natural ingredients.
· The only active ingredient in this medicine is aspirin.
One of the things or qualities that are necessary to make something successfulthe essential ingredients for success.
· It has all the ingredients of a good mystery story.
Ointment Noun Synonym: Cream
A smooth substance that you rub on the skin to heal a wound or sore place
· Antiseptic ointment
· He put some ointment on the cut.