IELTS Book 7 Test 2 Section 3
Arduous adjective Synonym: Exhausting
Involving a lot of effort and energy, especially over a period of time
· An arduous journey across the AndesThe work was arduous.
Conventional adjective Synonym: Traditional
(often disapproving) tending to follow what is done or considered acceptable by society in general; normal and ordinary, and perhaps not very interesting
· She's very conventional in her views.
[usually before noun] following what is traditional or the way something has been done for a long time
Conventional methods/approachesconventional medicine
· It's not a hotel, in the conventional sense, but rather a whole village turned into a hotel.
· You can use a microwave or cook it in a conventional oven.
[usually before noun] (especially of weapons) not nuclear
· Conventional forces/weapons
· A conventional war would still cause unacceptable devastation.
· A conventional power station (= using oil or coal as fuel, rather than nuclear power)
Efficiency noun Synonym: Effectiveness
[uncountable] the quality of doing something well with no waste of time or money
· Improvements in efficiency at the factory
· I was impressed by the efficiency with which she handled the crisis.
Efficiencies [plural] ways of wasting less time and money or of saving time or money
· We are looking at our business to see where savings and efficiencies can be made.
[uncountable] (specialist) the relationship between the amount of energy that goes into a machine or an engine, and the amount that it produces
· Efficiency of a machine is directly proportioned to the energy it takes to produce output.
Handrails noun Synonym: Banister
A long narrow bar that you can hold onto for support, for example when you are going up or down stairs
· In his new house, he has used handrails with the stairs so that his old parents could support themselves while climbing on the stairs.
Implemented verb Synonym: Started, Commenced
To start something new or to order the subject to do something particular
· To implement changes/decisions/policies/reforms
· A new work programme for young people will be implemented.
Inhabitant noun Synonym: Resident
A person or an animal that lives in a particular place
· The oldest inhabitant of the villagea town of 11 000 inhabitants
Integrated adjective Synonym: Labour
In which many different parts are closely connected and work successfully together
· An integrated programme of patient carean integrated transport system (= including buses, trains, taxis, etc.)
· An integrated school (= attended by students of all races and religions)
Underlying adjective Synonym: Intertext
Important in a situation but not always easily noticed or stated clearly
· The underlying assumption is that the amount of money available is limited.
· Unemployment may be an underlying cause of the rising crime rate.
Existing under the surface of something else
· The underlying rock formation