IELTS Book 8 Test 1 Section 2
8 T1 S2
Beacon Noun Synonym: Flare
A light that is placed somewhere to guide vehicles and warn them of danger
· A navigation beacon
· (figurative) He was a beacon of hope for the younger generation.
A radio station whose signal helps ships and aircraft to find their position
· The plane was guided in by radio beacon.
(in the past) a fire lit on top of a hill as a signal
Correspond Verb Synonym: Agree
[intransitive] to be the same as or match something
· Your account and hers do not correspond.
Correspond with something
· Your account of events does not correspond with hers.
Correspond to something
· The written record of the conversation doesn't correspond to (= is different from) what was actually said.
[intransitive] correspond (to something) to be similar to or the same as something else
· The British job of Lecturer corresponds roughly to the US Associate Professor.
[intransitive] correspond (with somebody) (formal) to write letters to somebody and receive letters from them
· Khalid’s job is to correspond with the Government officials.
Essential adjective Synonym: Vital
Completely necessary; extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity
· An essential part/ingredient/component of somethingessential services such as gas, water and electricity
· The museum is closed while essential repairs are being carried out.
· Even in small companies, computers are an essential tool.
· The charity will be taking food and essential supplies to six refugee camps.
· This book is essential reading for all nature lovers.
Essential to something
· Money is not essential to happiness.
Essential for something
· Experience is essential for this job.
It is essential to do something
· It is essential to keep the two groups separate.
It is essential that…
· It is essential that you have some experience.
Fortuitous adjective Synonym: Lucky
Happening by chance, especially a lucky chance that brings a good result
· A fortuitous meeting
· His success depended on a fortuitous combination of circumstances.
Regulate Verb Synonym: Organize
[transitive, intransitive] regulate (something) to control something by means of rules
· The activities of credit companies are regulated by law.
· The government accepts whaling in principle as long as it is carefully regulated.
· It is up to the regulating authority to put the measures into effect.
[transitive] regulate something to control the speed, pressure, temperature, etc. in a machine or system
· This valve regulates the flow of water.
Reliance Noun Synonym: Dependence
[uncountable, singular] reliance (on/upon somebody/something) the state of needing somebody/something in order to survive, be successful, etc.; the fact of being able to rely on somebody/something
· Heavy reliance on one client is risky when you are building up a business.
· Such learning methods encourage too great a reliance upon the teacher.
· The study programme concentrates more on group work and places less reliance on (= depends less on)lectures.
· I wouldn't place too much reliance on (= trust) these figures.
· An increasing reliance on overseas aid
Rigorous Adjective Synonym: Thorough, Strict
Done carefully and with a lot of attention to detail
· A rigorous analysis
· Few people have gone into the topic in such rigorous detail.
· The second team adopted a much more rigorous approach to the problem.
Demanding that particular rules, processes, etc. are strictly followed
· The work failed to meet their rigorous standards.
· They may benefit from the rigorous application of competition policy.
Rudimentary adjective Synonym: Basic
(formal) dealing with only the most basic matters or ideas
· They were given only rudimentary training in the job.
· His understanding of the language is very rudimentary.
(formal or specialist) not highly or fully developed
· Some dinosaurs had only rudimentary teeth.
· The most rudimentary forms of lifea very rudimentary writing system