IELTS Book 8 Test 3 Section 2

8 T3 S2

Prodigy (noun) Synonym: Genius

A young person who is unusually intelligent or skilful for their age

· A child/an infant prodigy

· A musical prodigy

· Mozart was an infant prodigy, composing music at the age of four.

· The 12-year-old prodigy will play America’s eigning chess champion next week.

Cult(noun) Synonym: Faith

[usually singular] cult (of something) a way of life, an attitude, an idea, etc. that has become very popular

· The cult of physical fitness

· An extraordinary personality cult had been created around the leader.

A small group of people who have extreme religious beliefs and who are not part of any established religion

· Their son ran away from home and joined a cult.

(formal) a system of religious beliefs and practices

· The Chinese cult of ancestor worship

Divinity(Noun) Synonym: Theology

[uncountable] the quality of being a god or like God

· The divinity of Christ

[countable] a god or goddess

· Roman/Greek/Egyptian divinities

[uncountable] the study of the nature of God and religious belief

· A doctor of Divinity

Paterfamilias (noun) Synonym: Male

The man who is the head of a family

· Khalid is the paterfamilias of his family.

Exceptional (adjective) Synonym: Outstanding

Unusually good

· At the age of five he showed exceptional talent as a musician.

· The quality of the recording is quite exceptional.

Very unusual

· This deadline will be extended only in exceptional circumstances.

Ambivalent (adjective) Synonym: Conflicting

Ambivalent (about/towards somebody/something) having or showing both good and bad feelings about somebody/something

· She seems to feel ambivalent about her new job.

· He has an ambivalent attitude towards her.

Envy(Noun) Synonym: Jealousy

[uncountable] the feeling of wanting to be in the same situation as somebody else; the feeling of wanting something that somebody else has

Envy (of somebody)

· He couldn't conceal his envy of me.

Envy (at/of something)

· She felt a pang of envy at the thought of his success.

· They looked with envy at her latest purchase.

· Her colleagues were green with envy (= they had very strong feelings of envy).

Defective (adjective) Synonym: Faulty

Having a fault or faults; not perfect or complete

· Defective goods

· Her hearing was found to be slightly defective.

Eccentric (Noun) Synonym: Bizzare

A person who is considered by other people to be strange or unusual

· Most people considered him a harmless eccentric.

· Aunt Matilda was something of an eccentric.

Enrich Verb Synonym: Embellish

To improve the quality of something, often by adding something to it

Enrich something

· The study of science has enriched all our lives.

Enrich something with something

· Most breakfast cereals are enriched with vitamins.

Enrich somebody/something to make somebody/something rich or richer

· A nation enriched by oil revenues

· He used his position to enrich himself.

Denigration (Noun) Synonym: Belittlement

Unfair criticism of somebody/something; the act of saying that somebody/something does not have any value or is not important

· The denigration of people who are not like themselves

Anecdote (Noun) Synonym: Episode

A short, interesting or amusing story about a