IELTS Book 8 Test 4 Section 2
8 T4 S2
Reckless (adjective) Synonym: Rash
Showing a lack of care about danger and the possible results of your actions
· He showed a reckless disregard for his own safety.
· She was a good rider, but reckless.
· He had always been reckless with money.
· To cause death by reckless driving
Pose (verb) Synonym: Position
[transitive] pose something to create a threat, problem, etc. that has to be dealt with
· To pose a threat/challenge/danger/risk
· The task poses no special problems.
[transitive] pose a question (formal) to ask a question, especially one that needs serious thought
· Khalid posed a question to solve the situation prevailing in his home.
[intransitive] pose (for somebody/something) to sit or stand in a particular position in order to be painted, drawn or photographed
· The delegates posed for a group photograph.
· They posed briefly for photographs before driving off.
[intransitive] pose as somebody to pretend to be somebody in order to trick other people
· The gang entered the building posing as workmen.
[intransitive] (usually used in the progressive tenses) (disapproving) to dress or behave in a way that is intended to impress other people
· I saw him out posing in his new sports car.
Engender (verb) Synonym: Arouse
Engender something (formal) to make a feeling or situation exist
· The issue engendered controversy.
· Problems engendered by the restructuring of the company
· The place engendered immediate feelings of friendship and belonging.
Pesticide (Noun) Synonym: Herbicide
A chemical used for killing pests, especially insects
· Vegetables grown without the use of pesticides
· Crops sprayed with pesticide
Potent (Adjective) Synonym: Effective
Having a strong effect on your body or mind
· A potent drug
· A very potent alcoholic brew
· A potent argument
· The vodka must have been pretty potent stuff.
· A potent force
Immune (Adjective) Synonym: Exempt
Immune (to something) that cannot catch or be affected by a particular disease or illness
· Adults are often immune to German measles.
Immune (to something) not affected by something
· You'll eventually become immune to criticism.
· Few men are immune to her charms.
· Our business is far from immune to economic conditions.
Immune (from something) protected from something and therefore able to avoid it
· No one should be immune from prosecution.
· Not even the President’s wife was immune from criticism by the press.
Insecticides (noun) Synonym: Defoliant
A chemical used for killing insects
· Crops sprayed with insecticides
Proliferation (noun) Synonym: Expansion
The sudden increase in the number or amount of something; a large number of a particular thing
· Attempts to prevent cancer cell proliferation
· A proliferation of personal computers
Outbreak (Noun) Synonym: Disruption
The sudden start of something unpleasant, especially violence or a disease
· The outbreak of war
· An outbreak of typhoid
· Outbreaks of rain are expected in the afternoon.
· The events that led to the outbreak of World War I
· An outbreak of hostilities
Necessitate (verb) Synonym: Contrain
To make something necessary
· Recent financial scandals have necessitated changes in parliamentary procedures.
Necessitate doing something
· Increased traffic necessitated widening the road.