IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Sample 1 - Line Graph and Table

Task 1 Academic expected bands 9 response.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. Write at least 150 words

The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparison where relevant.

Water Consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000

The line graph and table show information about water usage globally and water utilization in two different countries namely, Kongo and Brazil.

Earlier, in 1900, in both sectors - industrial and domestic - more or less 50km3 water was in use and this utilization took a surprising rise after 1950 and a significant hike in the values of all sectors is observed in the end. In comparison to agricultural sector, industrial consumption of water, across the globe, is reported on the second most position in the graph.

Brazil required a larger amount of water than Congo as its population and irrigated land is more ... (TO BE CONTINUE)

In summary, water usage was increased in the span of 100 years, where the most increment can be seen in agriculture sector, and the domestic usage of water is stated on the lowest level in the year 2000. When country wise water consumption is considered, Brazil is reported on the top.

The given graph and tabular description show water usage around the world and further the consumption of water in two countries namely, Brazil and Congo is explained.

Line graph demonstrates the global consumption of water in 3 sectors : agriculture, industrial and domestic, in the span of a century (from 1900 to 2000). A significant rise in this period can be observed in all the sectors where agricultural usage with the value of more or less 3000 km3 is reported on the top, industrial consumption of water and domestic usage are both reported less than 1000 km3 in 2000.

Demographics illustrate population, irrigated land and per person water utilization in Brazil and Congo. A huge difference which is 170.8 million in population of the two different countries can be clearly seen, and as per expectation, irrigated land and per person water consumption in Brazil and Congo is also varied with the values of 26500km2, 359m3 and 100km2, 8m3 respectively.

Overall, Agricultural usage in the world is on the top where as domestic usage of water is least reported. And, Brazil is using more water in comparison with Congo because its population is more than the other country.


The graph shows how the amount of water used worldwide changed between 1900 and 2000.


Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural purposes, and this increased dramatically from about 500 km3 to around 3,000 km3 in the year 2000. Water used in the industrial and domestic sectors also increased, but consumption was minimal until mid-century. From 1950 onwards, industrial use grew steadily to just over 1,000 km3, while domestic use rose more slowly to only 300km3, both far below the levels of consumption by agriculture.


The table illustrates the differences in agricultural consumption in some areas of the world by contrasting the amount of irrigated land in Brazil 26,500km2 with that in the D.R.C. 100km2. This means that a huge amount of water is used in agriculture in Brazil, and this is reflected in the figures for water consumption per person: 359m3 compared with only 8m3 in the Congo. Witha population of 176 million, the figures for Brazil indicate how high agricultural water consumption can be in some countries.

Reference: Cambridge. (2007). Cambridge English IELTS 6. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press.