Book 6 Test 4 Section 2
Do Literate women make better mothers?
Bypass (noun) Synonym: Ignore
(especially British English) a road that passes around a town or city rather than through the centre
- The western bypass around the town the Newbury bypass
A medical operation on the heart in which blood is directed along a different route so that it does not flow through a part that is damaged or blocked; the new route that the blood takes
- Heart bypass surgery a triple bypass operation
Campaign (noun) Synonym: Movement
Campaign (against/for something) a series of planned activities that are intended to achieve a particular social, commercial or political aim
- A campaign against ageism in the workplace
- The campaign for parliamentary reform an anti-smoking campaign
- Today police launched (= began) a campaign to reduce road accidents.
- An advertising campaign
Colleagues (noun) Synonym: teammate
A person that you work with, especially in a profession or a business
- A colleague of mine from the office
- We were friends and colleagues for more than 20 years.
Crusade (noun) Synonym: Expedition
Crusade (for/against something) | crusade (to do something) a long and determined effort to achieve something that you believe to be right or to stop something that you believe to be wrong
- To lead a crusade against crime
- a moral crusade
- a crusade to give terminally ill people the right to die
- (also Crusade) any of the wars fought in Palestine by European Christian countries against the Muslims in the Middle Ages
Curricullum (noun) Synonym: Syllabus
The subjects that are included in a course of study or taught in a school, college, etc.
- The school curriculum
- (British English) Spanish is on the curriculum.
- (North American English) Spanish is in the curriculum.
Eliminated (verb) Synonym: Wiped, Removed
To remove or get rid of something/somebody
- Credit cards eliminate the need to carry a lot of cash.
Eliminate something/somebody from something
- The police have eliminated two suspects from their investigation.
- This diet claims to eliminate toxins from the body.
Eliminate somebody (from something) [usually passive] to defeat a person or a team so that they no longer take part in a competition, etc.
- All the English teams were eliminated in the early stages of the competition.
- She was eliminated from the tournament in the first round.
Eliminate somebody (formal) to kill somebody, especially an enemy or opponent
- Most of the regime's left-wing opponents were eliminated.
Elsewhere (adverb) Synonym: Outside
In, at or to another place
- The answer to the problem must be sought elsewhere.
- Our favorite restaurant was closed, so we had to go elsewhere.
- Details of Keats’ biography are given elsewhere
(In another part of this book, article, etc.)
- Elsewhere, the weather today has been fairly sunny.
Illiterate (adjective) Synonym: Uneducated
(of a person) not knowing how to read or write
- A large percentage of the rural population was illiterate.
- (Of a document or letter) badly written, as if by somebody without much education
- (Usually after a noun or adverb) not knowing very much about a particular subject area
- Computer illiterate musically illiterate
Indicate (verb) Synonym: Point out
[transitive, intransitive] to show that something is true or exists
- Record profits in the retail market indicate a boom in the economy.
- A yellowing of the skin indicates jaundice.
- The article claims that an increase in crime indicates a decline in moral standards.
[transitive] to be a sign of something; to show that something is possible or likely
- A red sky at night often indicates fine weather the next day
[transitive] to mention something, especially in an indirect way
Indicate (to somebody) (that)…
- In his letter he indicated to us (that) he was willing to cooperate.
Indicate something (to somebody)
- He indicated his willingness to cooperate
Maternal (adjective) Synonym: Motherly
Having feelings that are typical of a caring mother towards a child
- Maternal love
- She didn't have any maternal instincts.
Connected with being a mother
- Maternal age affects the baby's survival rate.
- The effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy
[only before noun] related through the mother’s side of the family
- My maternal grandfather (my mother’s father)
Mortality (noun) Synonym: Fatality
[uncountable] the state of being human and not living for ever
- After her mother's death, she became acutely aware of her own mortality.
[uncountable] the number of deaths in a particular situation or period of time
- The infant mortality rate (= the number of babies that die at or just after birth)
- Mortality from lung cancer is still increasing.
[countable] (specialist) a death
- hospital mortalities (= deaths in hospital)
Notoriously (adverb) Synonym: Infamously
In a way that is well known for being bad
- Mountain weather is notoriously difficult to predict.
- She is notoriously bad at writing letters.
- The local bus service is notoriously unreliable.
Replicating (verb) Synonym: Duplicating
[transitive] replicate something (formal) to copy something exactly
- Subsequent experiments failed to replicate these findings.
- The format of the seminar day will be replicated in each Sports Council region.
[Transitive, intransitive] replicate (itself) (specialist) (of a virus or a molecule) to produce exact copies of itself
- The drug prevents the virus from replicating itself.
Malnourished (adjective) Synonym: Anorexic
In bad health because of a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food
- Tired, malnourished people are prone to infection.