Book 6 Test 4 Section 2

Do Literate women make better mothers?

Bypass (noun) Synonym: Ignore

(especially British English) a road that passes around a town or city rather than through the centre

  • The western bypass around the town the Newbury bypass

A medical operation on the heart in which blood is directed along a different route so that it does not flow through a part that is damaged or blocked; the new route that the blood takes

  • Heart bypass surgery a triple bypass operation

Campaign (noun) Synonym: Movement

Campaign (against/for something) a series of planned activities that are intended to achieve a particular social, commercial or political aim

  • A campaign against ageism in the workplace
  • The campaign for parliamentary reform an anti-smoking campaign
  • Today police launched (= began) a campaign to reduce road accidents.
  • An advertising campaign

Colleagues (noun) Synonym: teammate

A person that you work with, especially in a profession or a business

  • A colleague of mine from the office
  • We were friends and colleagues for more than 20 years.

Crusade (noun) Synonym: Expedition

Crusade (for/against something) | crusade (to do something) a long and determined effort to achieve something that you believe to be right or to stop something that you believe to be wrong

  • To lead a crusade against crime
  • a moral crusade
  • a crusade to give terminally ill people the right to die
  • (also Crusade) any of the wars fought in Palestine by European Christian countries against the Muslims in the Middle Ages

Curricullum (noun) Synonym: Syllabus

The subjects that are included in a course of study or taught in a school, college, etc.

  • The school curriculum
  • (British English) Spanish is on the curriculum.
  • (North American English) Spanish is in the curriculum.

Eliminated (verb) Synonym: Wiped, Removed

To remove or get rid of something/somebody

Eliminate something/somebody

  • Credit cards eliminate the need to carry a lot of cash.

Eliminate something/somebody from something

  • The police have eliminated two suspects from their investigation.
  • This diet claims to eliminate toxins from the body.

Eliminate somebody (from something) [usually passive] to defeat a person or a team so that they no longer take part in a competition, etc.

  • All the English teams were eliminated in the early stages of the competition.
  • She was eliminated from the tournament in the first round.

Eliminate somebody (formal) to kill somebody, especially an enemy or opponent

  • Most of the regime's left-wing opponents were eliminated.

Elsewhere (adverb) Synonym: Outside

In, at or to another place

  • The answer to the problem must be sought elsewhere.
  • Our favorite restaurant was closed, so we had to go elsewhere.
  • Details of Keats’ biography are given elsewhere

(In another part of this book, article, etc.)

  • Elsewhere, the weather today has been fairly sunny.

Illiterate (adjective) Synonym: Uneducated

(of a person) not knowing how to read or write

  • A large percentage of the rural population was illiterate.
  • (Of a document or letter) badly written, as if by somebody without much education
  • (Usually after a noun or adverb) not knowing very much about a particular subject area
  • Computer illiterate musically illiterate

Indicate (verb) Synonym: Point out

[transitive, intransitive] to show that something is true or exists

Indicate something

  • Record profits in the retail market indicate a boom in the economy.
  • A yellowing of the skin indicates jaundice.
  • The article claims that an increase in crime indicates a decline in moral standards.

[transitive] to be a sign of something; to show that something is possible or likely

  • A red sky at night often indicates fine weather the next day

[transitive] to mention something, especially in an indirect way

Indicate (to somebody) (that)…

  • In his letter he indicated to us (that) he was willing to cooperate.

Indicate something (to somebody)

  • He indicated his willingness to cooperate

Maternal (adjective) Synonym: Motherly

Having feelings that are typical of a caring mother towards a child

  • Maternal love
  • She didn't have any maternal instincts.

Connected with being a mother

  • Maternal age affects the baby's survival rate.
  • The effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy

[only before noun] related through the mother’s side of the family

  • My maternal grandfather (my mother’s father)

Mortality (noun) Synonym: Fatality

[uncountable] the state of being human and not living for ever

  • After her mother's death, she became acutely aware of her own mortality.

[uncountable] the number of deaths in a particular situation or period of time

  • The infant mortality rate (= the number of babies that die at or just after birth)
  • Mortality from lung cancer is still increasing.

[countable] (specialist) a death

  • hospital mortalities (= deaths in hospital)

Notoriously (adverb) Synonym: Infamously

In a way that is well known for being bad

  • Mountain weather is notoriously difficult to predict.
  • She is notoriously bad at writing letters.
  • The local bus service is notoriously unreliable.

Replicating (verb) Synonym: Duplicating

[transitive] replicate something (formal) to copy something exactly

  • Subsequent experiments failed to replicate these findings.
  • The format of the seminar day will be replicated in each Sports Council region.

[Transitive, intransitive] replicate (itself) (specialist) (of a virus or a molecule) to produce exact copies of itself

  • The drug prevents the virus from replicating itself.

Malnourished (adjective) Synonym: Anorexic

In bad health because of a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food

  • Tired, malnourished people are prone to infection.