Book 6 Test 3 Section 2
Motivating Employee under Adverse Conditions
Abundance (noun) Synonym: Plenty
Abundance (of something) (formal) a large quantity that is more than enough
- She purchased abundance of fruits for her children
Accomplishment (noun) Synonym: Achievement
An impressive thing that is done or achieved after a lot of work
- It was one of the President's greatest accomplishments.
- The series of paintings is quite an accomplishment.
A skill or special ability
- Drawing and singing were among her many accomplishments.
Attainment (noun) Synonym: Fulfillment
Something that you achieved
- A young woman of impressive educational attainments
Success in achieving something
- The attainment of his ambitions was still a dream.attainment targets (= for example in education)
- Bonus payments encourage the attainment of higher production targets.
- Schools with high levels of academic attainment
Autonomous (adjective) Synonym: Independent
(of a country, a region or an organization) able to govern itself or control its own affairs
- an autonomous republic/state/province a federation of autonomous groups
(of a person) able to do things and make decisions without help from anyone else
- Teachers aim to help children become autonomous learners.
Bureaucratic (adjective) Synonym: Supervisory
Connected with a bureaucracy or bureaucrats and involving complicated official rules which may seem unnecessary
- bureaucratic power/control/procedures/organizations
- The report revealed a great deal of bureaucratic inefficiency.
- centralized bureaucratic administration
Eliminating (verb) Synonym: Removing, Wipe out
To remove or get rid of something/somebody eliminate something/somebody
- Credit cards eliminate the need to carry a lot of cash.
Eliminate something/somebody from something
- The police have eliminated two suspects from their investigation.
- This diet claims to eliminate toxins from the body.
Eliminate somebody (formal) to kill somebody, especially an enemy or opponent
- Most of the regime's left-wing opponents were eliminated.
Managerial (adjective) Synonym: Directorial
Connected with the work of a manager
- Does she have any managerial experience?
Manipulative (adjective) Synonym: Scheming
Skillful at influencing somebody or forcing somebody to do what you want, often in an unfair way
- He’s extremely manipulative, so don’t let him persuade you.
Connected with the ability to handle objects skillfully
- manipulative skills such as typing and knitting
Optimism (noun) Synonym: Elation
[Uncountable] optimism (about/for something) a feeling that good things will happen and that something will be successful; the tendency to have this feeling
- There are very real grounds for optimism.
- Both sides have expressed optimism about the chances of an early agreement.
Redundant (adjective) Synonym: Unnecessary
(British English) (of a person) without a job because there is no more work available for you in a company
- to be made redundant from your job
Not needed or useful
- The picture has too much redundant detail.
Reinforcement (noun) Synonym: Support
[plural] extra soldiers or police officers who are sent to a place because more are needed
- to send in reinforcements
[uncountable, singular] the act of making something stronger, especially a feeling or an idea
- the reinforcement of existing prejudices by the media
Resistance (noun) Synonym: Opposition
[uncountable, singular] dislike of or opposition to a plan, an idea, etc.; refusal to obey
- As with all new ideas it met with resistance.
Resistance to somebody/something
- There has been a lot of resistance to this new law.
- Resistance to change has nearly destroyed the industry.
[uncountable, singular] the act of using force to oppose somebody/somethingarmed resistance
- The defenders put up a strong resistance.
Resistance to somebody/something
- The demonstrators offered little or no resistance to the police.
[uncountable, singular] resistance (to something) the power not to be affected by something
- AIDS lowers the body's resistance to infection.See related entries: Medication
[uncountable, singular] resistance (to something) a force that stops something moving or makes it move more slowly
- wind/air resistance (= in the design of planes or cars)
(also the Resistance) [singular + singular or plural verb] a secret organization that resists the authorities, especially in a country that an enemy has control of
- resistance fighters
Reference: Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary