Book 7 Test 1 Section 1
Ancestry ( noun) Synonym: Pedigree
The family or the race of people that you come from
· To have Scottish ancestry
· He was able to trace his ancestry back over 1 000 years.
Exploit ( verb) Synonym: Misuse
Exploit something (disapproving) to treat a person or situation as an opportunity to gain an advantage for yourself
· He exploited his father's name to get himself a job.
· She realized that her youth and inexperience were being exploited.
· The opposition parties will always exploit government problems to their own advantage.
Exploit somebody (disapproving) to treat somebody unfairly by making them work and not giving them much in return
· What is being done to stop employers from exploiting young people?
Exploit something to use something well in order to gain as much from it as possible
· She fully exploits the humour of her role in the play.
· Teachers should be exploiting computers in education.
· To develop or use something for business or industry
· No minerals have yet been exploited in Antarctica.
Exploit something for something
· Countries exploiting the rainforests for hardwood
Extinction noun Synonym: Annihilation
A situation in which a plant, an animal, a way of life, etc. stops existing
- A tribe threatened with extinction/in danger of extinction
- The mountain gorilla is on the verge of extinction.
- We know of several mass extinctions in the earth's history.
- A campaign to save wild koalas from extinction
- Will technology in music drive creativity to extinction?
Illuminate verb Synonym: Enlighten
lluminate something (formal) to shine light on something
· Floodlights illuminated the stadium.
· The earth is illuminated by the sun.
Illuminate something (formal) to make something clearer or easier to understand
· This text illuminates the philosopher's early thinking.
Illuminate something to decorate a street, building, etc. with bright lights for a special occasion
· We have just finished illuminating our street for the upcoming event.
Illuminate something (literary) to make a person’s face, etc. seem bright and excited
· Her smile illuminated her entire being.
Manoeuvre noun Synonym: Tactic
[countable] a movement performed with care and skill
· a complicated/skilfulmanoeuvre
· You will be asked to perform some standard manoeuvres during your driving test.
[countable, uncountable] a clever plan, action or movement that is used to give somebody an advantage
· Diplomatic manoeuvres
· The amendment was somehow introduced by political manoeuvre.
Manoeuvres [plural] military exercises involving a large number of soldiers, ships, etc.
· The army is on manoeuvres in the desert.
Mysterious adjective Synonym: Enigmatic
Difficult to understand or explain; strange
· He died in mysterious circumstances.
· A mysterious illness is affecting all the animals.
(especially of people) strange and interesting because you do not know much about them
· A mysterious young woman is living next door.
(of people) not saying much about something, especially when other people want to know more
· He was being very mysterious about where he was going.
Navigation noun Synonym: Itinerary
The skill or the process of planning a route for a ship or other vehicle and taking it there
· Navigation systemsan expert in navigation
The movement of ships or aircraft
· The right of navigation through international waters
The way that you move around a website or the Internet when you are looking for information
· The site was redesigned to improve navigation.
Nocturnal adjective Synonym: Nightly
(of animals) active at night
· These animals are strictly nocturnal.
· These insects are largely nocturnal.
(formal) happening during the night
· A nocturnal visit
Obstacle noun Synonym: Hindrance
Obstacle (to something/to doing something) a situation, an event, etc. that makes it difficult for you to do or achieve something
· A lack of qualifications can be a major obstacle to finding a job.