IELTS Book 7 Test 2 Section 2
Aesthetic adjective Synonym: Beautiful
Concerned with beauty and art and the understanding of beautiful things
· An aesthetic appreciation of the landscape
· The works of art are judged on purely aesthetic grounds
· The benefits of conservation are both financial and aesthetic.
Made in an artistic way and beautiful to look at
· Their furniture was more aesthetic than functional.
Collateral noun Synonym: Indirect, Secondary
[uncountable] (finance) property or something valuable that you promise to give to somebody if you cannot pay back money that you borrow
· We had put our house up as collateral for our bank loan.
Colleagues noun Synonym: Co-worker
A person that you work with, especially in a profession or a business
· A colleague of mine from the office
· We were friends and colleagues for more than 20 years.
· The Prime Minister and his Cabinet colleagues
Commitment noun Synonym: Pledge, Guarantee
[countable, uncountable] a promise to do something or to behave in a particular way; a promise to support somebody/something; the fact of committing yourself
Commitment (to somebody/something)
· She doesn't want to make a big emotional commitment
· To Steve at the moment.
· The government’s commitment to public services
Commitment to do/doing something
· The company's commitment to providing quality at a reasonable price has been vital to its success.
[uncountable] commitment (to somebody/something) the willingness to work hard and give your energy and time to a job or an activity
· A career as an actor requires one hundred per cent commitment.
[countable] a thing that you have promised or agreed to do, or that you have to do
· He's busy for the next month with filming commitments.
· Women very often have to juggle work with their family commitments.
[uncountable, countable] commitment (of something) (to something) agreeing to use money, time or people in order to achieve something
· The commitment of resources to education
· Achieving success at this level requires a commitment of time and energy.
Conservative adjective Synonym: Orthodox, Traditional
Opposed to great or sudden social change; showing that you prefer traditional styles and values
· The conservative views of his parentsmusic which is accessible to an audience with extremely conservative tastes
· Her style of dress was never conservative.
(also Conservative) connected with the British Conservative Party
· Conservative members/supporters
(of an estimate) lower than what is probably the real amount or number
· At a conservative estimate, he'll be earning £50 000.
Cryptosporidium noun Synonym: A Parasite
A parasite found in water that causes infections inside the body
· Cryptosporidium is responsible for many of the human diseases relating to the stomach and intestine.
Emission noun Synonym: Discharge, Diffusion
[uncountable] (formal) the production or sending out of light, heat, gas, etc.
· The emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphereemission controls
[countable] gas, etc. that is sent out into the air
· The government has pledged to clean up industrial emissions.
Enormous adjective Synonym: Immense
· An enormous house/dogan enormous amount of timeenormous interest
· The problems facing the President are enormous.
Externalities noun Synonym: Face, Expanse
[countable] (economics) a consequence of an industrial or commercial activity which affects other people or things without this being reflected in market prices
· Pollution is a negative externality that imposes a cost—reduced happiness—on the victims.
[uncountable] (philosophy) the fact of existing outside the person or thing that is aware of it
· Man’s externality to an indifferent natural world
Fertilisers noun Synonym: Manure
A substance added to soil to make plants grow more successfully
· Artificial/chemical fertilizers
· Liquid fertilizera bag of fertilizer
· He spread fertilizer on the field with a rake.
Hectare noun Synonym: Measuring Unit
A unit for measuring an area of land; 10 000 square metres or about 2.5 acres