IELTS Book 7 Test 3 Section 1
7 T3 S1
Aphids noun Synonym: Insect
A very small insect that is harmful to plants.
· There are several types of aphid, including, for example, greenfly.
Exhaustive adjective Synonym: Tiresome
Including everything possible; very thorough or complete
· Exhaustive research/tests
· This list is not intended to be exhaustive.
Herding noun Synonym: Horde, flock
A group of animals of the same type that live and feed together
· A herd of cows/deer/elephants
· A beef/dairy herd
(usually disapproving) a large group of people of the same type
· She pushed her way through a herd of lunchtime drinkers.
· The common herd (= ordinary people)
· Why follow the herd (= do and think the same as everyone else)?
Interconnected verb Synonym: Enmeshed
To connect similar things; to be connected to or with similar things
Interconnect A with B
· Bad housing is interconnected with debt and poverty.
Interconnect A and B
· Bad housing, debt and poverty are interconnected.
· Electronic networks which interconnect thousands of computers around the world
Interconnect (with something)
· Separate bedrooms that interconnect
· The dining room interconnects with the kitchen.
Prehistoric adjective Synonym: Archaic
Connected with the time in history before information was written down
· In prehistoric times
· Prehistoric man/remains/animals/burial sites
Propagated verb Synonym: Breed, Multiply
[transitive] propagate something (formal) to spread an idea, a belief or a piece of information among many people
· Television advertising propagates a false image of the ideal family.
[transitive, intransitive] propagate (something) (specialist) to produce new plants from a parent plant
· The plant can be propagated from seed.
· Plants won't propagate in these conditions.
Scrutiny noun Synonym: Analysis
Careful and thorough examination
· Her argument doesn't really stand up to scrutiny.
· Foreign policy has come under close scrutiny recently.
· The documents should be available for public scrutiny.
· The situation is bound to come under the scrutiny of the public health authorities.
Slaves noun Synonym: Serf, Servant
A person who is owned by another person and is forced to work for them
· She treated her daughter like a slave.
· Slave owners
A person who is so strongly influenced by something that they cannot live without it, or cannot make their own decisions
Slave of something
· We are slaves of the motor car.
Slave to something
· Sue's a slave to fashion.
(specialist) a device that is directly controlled by another one
· Robots are like slaves, they do as per the human programming.
Sophisticated adjective Synonym: Refined
Having a lot of experience of the world and knowing about fashion, culture and other things that people think are socially important
· The sophisticated pleasures of city life
· Mark is a smart and sophisticated young man.
(of a machine, system, etc.) clever and complicated in the way that it works or is presented
· Highly sophisticated computer systems
· Medical techniques are becoming more sophisticated all the time.
(of a person) able to understand difficult or complicated ideas
· A sophisticated audience
Strains noun Synonym: Stress
[uncountable, countable] pressure on somebody/something because they have too much to do or manage, or something very difficult to deal with; the problems, worry or anxiety that this produces
· Their marriage is under great strain at the moment.
· These repayments are putting a strain on our finances.
· Relax, and let us take the strain (= do things for you).
· The transport service cannot cope with the strain of so many additional passengers.
· You will learn to cope with the stresses and strains of public life.
· I found it a strain having to concentrate for so long.
· There are strains in the relationship between the two countries.
Swapping verb Synonym: Switch
[intransitive, transitive] to give something to somebody and receive something in exchange
swap (something) (with somebody)
· I've finished this magazine.
· Can I swap with you?
Swap something for something
· I swapped my red scarf for her blue one.
· Swap something
· Can we swap places?
· I can't see the screen.
· We spent the evening in the pub Swapping stories (= telling each other stories) about our travels.
Swap somebody something for something
· I swapped him my CD for his posters.
[intransitive] swap (over) to start doing somebody else’s job, etc. while they do yours
· I'll drive there and then we'll swap over on the way back.
[transitive] (especially British English) to replace one person or thing with another
Swap somebody/something (for somebody/something)
· I think I'll swap this sweater for one in another colour.
Swap somebody/something (over)
· I'm going to swap you over.
· Mike will go first and Jon will go second.
Weed noun Synonym: Shrub, Cannabis
[countable] a wild plant growing where it is not wanted, especially among crops or garden plants
· The yard was overgrown with weeds.
· Routine maintenance of the garden consists of keeping weeds under control.
· There were weeds pushing up through the gravel.
[uncountable] any wild plant without flowers that grows in water and forms a green floating mass
The weed [singular] (humorous) tobacco or cigarettes
· I wish I could give up the weed (= stop smoking).
[uncountable] (informal) the drug cannabis
· I am sick and tired usingweed (using drug)
[countable] (British English, informal, disapproving) a person with a weak character or body
· Don’t be such a weed!