Book 6 GT A
Antiquated (adjective) Synonym: Obsolete
(of things or ideas) old-fashioned and no longer suitable for modern conditions
· Antiquated legal procedures
· The antiquated heating system barely heats the larger rooms.
· The committee has recommended that all antiquated legal procedures should be simplified.
Appointments (noun) Synonym: Anorexic
[countable] a formal arrangement to meet or visit somebody at a particular time, especially for a reason connected with their work
· I've got a dental appointment at 3 o'clock.
· Do you have an appointment?
· To make/keep an appointmentViewing is by appointment only (= only at a time that has been arranged in advance).
· An appointment book
Appointment with somebody
· an appointment with my lawyer
Appointment for something
· An appointment for a blood test
Appointment for somebody to do something
· She made an appointment for her son to see the doctor.
[countable, uncountable] appointment (as/to something) the act of choosing a person for a job or position of responsibility; the fact of being chosen for a job, etc.
· Her recent appointment to the posthis appointment as principalthe appointment of a new captain for the England team
· Appointments and dismissals
[countable] a job or position of responsibility
· A permanent/first appointment
· The department wished him success in his new appointment as sales manager.
Coastal (adjective) Synonym: Seaside
Of or near a coast
· Coastal waters/resorts/scenery
· A coastal path (= one that follows the line of the coast)
Commensing(verb) Synonym: Starting
To begin to happen; to begin something
· The meeting is scheduled to commence at noon.
· I will be on leave during the week commencing 15 February.
Commence with something
· The day commenced with a welcome from the principal.
· She commenced her medical career in 1956.
· The company commenced operations in April.
· To commence bankruptcy proceedings against somebody
Commence doing something
· We commence building next week.
Commence to do something
· Operators commenced to build pipelines in 1862.
Commodity (noun) Synonym: Possession
(economics) a product or a raw material that can be bought and sold
· Rice, flour and other basic commoditiesa drop in commodity prices
· Crude oil is the world's most important commodity.
(formal) a thing that is useful or has a useful quality
· Water is a precious commodity that is often taken for granted in the West.
Concentrate (verb) Synonym: Focus
[intransitive, transitive] to give all your attention to something and not think about anything else
Concentrate (on something/on doing something)
· I can't concentrate with all that noise going on.
· Nothing concentrates the mind better than the knowledge that you could die tomorrow (= it makes you think very clearly).
Concentrate something (on something/on doing something)
· I decided to concentrate all my efforts on finding somewhere to live.
[transitive] concentrate something + adv./prep. to bring something together in one place
· Power is largely concentrated in the hands of a small elite.
· We need to concentrate resources on the most run-down areas.
· Fighting was concentrated around the towns to the north.
Conserving (verb) Synonym: Protect
Conserve something to use as little of something as possible so that it lasts a long time
- · Help to conserve energy by insulating your home.
- · Renewable energy resources can help conserve fossil fuels and reduce carbon emissions.
Conserve something to protect something and prevent it from being changed or destroyed
· New laws to conserve wildlife in the area
Consumption (noun) Synonym: Use
The act of using energy, food or materials; the amount used
· The production of fuel for domestic consumption (= to be used in the country where it is produced)
· Gas and oil consumption always increases in cold weather.The meat was declared unfit for human consumption.
· He was advised to reduce his alcohol consumption.
· Her speech to party members was not intended for public consumption (