Book 6 GT A

Antiquated (adjective) Synonym: Obsolete

(of things or ideas) old-fashioned and no longer suitable for modern conditions

· Antiquated legal procedures

· The antiquated heating system barely heats the larger rooms.

· The committee has recommended that all antiquated legal procedures should be simplified.

Appointments (noun) Synonym: Anorexic

[countable] a formal arrangement to meet or visit somebody at a particular time, especially for a reason connected with their work

· I've got a dental appointment at 3 o'clock.

· Do you have an appointment?

· To make/keep an appointmentViewing is by appointment only (= only at a time that has been arranged in advance).

· An appointment book

Appointment with somebody

· an appointment with my lawyer

Appointment for something

· An appointment for a blood test

Appointment for somebody to do something

· She made an appointment for her son to see the doctor.

[countable, uncountable] appointment (as/to something) the act of choosing a person for a job or position of responsibility; the fact of being chosen for a job, etc.

· Her recent appointment to the posthis appointment as principalthe appointment of a new captain for the England team

· Appointments and dismissals

[countable] a job or position of responsibility

· A permanent/first appointment

· The department wished him success in his new appointment as sales manager.

Coastal (adjective) Synonym: Seaside

Of or near a coast

· Coastal waters/resorts/scenery

· A coastal path (= one that follows the line of the coast)

Commensing(verb) Synonym: Starting

To begin to happen; to begin something

· The meeting is scheduled to commence at noon.

· I will be on leave during the week commencing 15 February.

Commence with something

· The day commenced with a welcome from the principal.

Commence something

· She commenced her medical career in 1956.

· The company commenced operations in April.

· To commence bankruptcy proceedings against somebody

Commence doing something

· We commence building next week.

Commence to do something

· Operators commenced to build pipelines in 1862.

Commodity (noun) Synonym: Possession

(economics) a product or a raw material that can be bought and sold

· Rice, flour and other basic commoditiesa drop in commodity prices

· Crude oil is the world's most important commodity.

(formal) a thing that is useful or has a useful quality

· Water is a precious commodity that is often taken for granted in the West.

Concentrate (verb) Synonym: Focus

[intransitive, transitive] to give all your attention to something and not think about anything else

Concentrate (on something/on doing something)

· I can't concentrate with all that noise going on.

Concentrate something

· Nothing concentrates the mind better than the knowledge that you could die tomorrow (= it makes you think very clearly).

Concentrate something (on something/on doing something)

· I decided to concentrate all my efforts on finding somewhere to live.

[transitive] concentrate something + adv./prep. to bring something together in one place

· Power is largely concentrated in the hands of a small elite.

· We need to concentrate resources on the most run-down areas.

· Fighting was concentrated around the towns to the north.

Conserving (verb) Synonym: Protect

Conserve something to use as little of something as possible so that it lasts a long time

  • · Help to conserve energy by insulating your home.
  • · Renewable energy resources can help conserve fossil fuels and reduce carbon emissions.

Conserve something to protect something and prevent it from being changed or destroyed

· New laws to conserve wildlife in the area

Consumption (noun) Synonym: Use

The act of using energy, food or materials; the amount used